Jurassic Park

Jurassic Park (1993)
The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997)
Jurassic Park III (2001)
Jurassic World (2015)
Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018)
Jurassic World: Dominion (2021)

Jurassic Park, later also referred to as Jurassic World, is an American science fiction media franchise centered on a disastrous attempt to create a theme park of cloned dinosaurs. It began in 1990 when Universal Pictures and Amblin Entertainment bought the rights to the novel by Michael Crichton before it was published. The book was successful, as was Steven Spielberg's 1993 film adaptation. The film received a theatrical 3D re-release in 2013, and was selected in 2018 for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant"

A sequel novel, The Lost World, was published in 1995, followed by a film adaptation in 1997. Subsequent films in the series, including Jurassic Park III (2001), are not based on the novels. Numerous video games and comic books based on the franchise have been created since the release of the 1993 film, and several water rides have been opened at various Universal theme parks. As of 2000, the franchise had generated $5 billion in revenue, making it one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.[5]

The fourth film, Jurassic World, was initially scheduled to be released in 2005, but was delayed numerous times and was ultimately released in June 2015. It became the first film to gross over $500 million worldwide in its opening weekend,[6] and grossed over $1.6 billion through the course of its theatrical run, making it the third highest-grossing film at the time. It was also the second highest-grossing film of 2015. When adjusted for monetary inflation, Jurassic World is the second highest-grossing film in the franchise after Jurassic Park. Since the film's release, the franchise has continued to use the Jurassic World name.

A fifth film, Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, was released in June 2018. The film grossed over $1.3 billion worldwide, making it the third Jurassic film to pass the billion dollar mark. It is the third highest-grossing film of 2018 and the 13th highest-grossing film of all time. A sixth film, titled Jurassic World: Dominion, is scheduled to be released on June 11, 2021. Lego has produced several animated projects based on the Jurassic World films, including a miniseries released in 2019. Netflix and DreamWorks Animation also plan to release an animated series, Jurassic World: Camp Cretaceous, in 2020.

Jurassic Park (1993)

John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) is the owner of Jurassic Park, a theme park
located on Isla Nublar. When an incident with a velociraptor results in the
death of an employee, Hammond brings in three specialists to sign off on the
park to calm investors. The specialists, paleontologist Alan Grant (Sam Neill),
paleobotanist Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern), and chaos theorist Ian Malcolm (Jeff
Goldblum) are surprised to see the island park's main attraction are living,
breathing dinosaurs, created with a mixture of fossilized DNA and genetic
cross-breeding/cloning. When lead programmer Dennis Nedry (Wayne Knight) shuts
down the park's power to sneak out with samples of the dinosaur embryos to sell
to a corporate rival, the dinosaurs break free, and the survivors are forced to
find a way to turn the power back on and make it out alive. The film also stars
Bob Peck, Martin Ferrero, BD Wong, Ariana Richards, Joseph Mazzello, and Samuel
L. Jackson.

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997)

Before The Lost World was published, a film adaptation was already in
pre-production, with its release occurring in May 1997. The film was a
commercial success, breaking many box-office records when released. The film had
mixed reviews, similar to its predecessor in terms of characterization. Much
like the first film, The Lost World: Jurassic Park made a number of changes to
the plot and characters from the book, replacing the corporate rivals with an
internal power struggle and changing the roles or characterizations of several

When a vacationing family stumbles upon the dinosaurs of Isla Sorna, a secondary
island where the animals were bred en masse and allowed to grow before being
transported to the park, Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) is called in by John
Hammond (Richard Attenborough) to lead a team to document the island to turn it
into a preserve, where the animals can roam free without interference from the
outside world. Malcolm agrees to go when he discovers his girlfriend,
paleontologist Sarah Harding (Julianne Moore) is already on the island, while at
the same time Hammond's nephew, Peter Ludlow (Arliss Howard), has taken over his
uncle's company and leads a team of hunters to capture the creatures and bring
them back to a theme park in San Diego. The two groups clash and are ultimately
forced to work together to evade the predatory creatures and survive the second
island. The film also stars Pete Postlethwaite, Richard Schiff, Vince Vaughn,
Vanessa Lee Chester, Peter Stormare, and a young Camilla Belle.

Jurassic Park III (2001)[edit]

Main article: Jurassic Park III

Joe Johnston had been interested in directing the sequel to Jurassic Park and
approached his friend Steven Spielberg about the project. While Spielberg wanted
to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film,
Johnston could direct.[25] Spielberg, nevertheless, stayed involved in this film
by becoming its executive producer. Production began on August 30, 2000,[26]
with filming in California, and the Hawaiian islands of Kauai, Oahu, and
Molokai.[27] It is the first Jurassic Park film not to be based on a novel. The
film was a financial success but received mixed reviews from critics.[28]

When their son goes missing while parasailing at Isla Sorna, the Kirbys (William
H. Macy and Téa Leoni) hire Alan Grant (Sam Neill) under false pretenses to help
them navigate the island. Believing it to be nothing more than sight-seeing, and
that he will act as a dinosaur guide from the safety of their plane, he is
startled to find them landing on the ground, where they are stalked by a
Spinosaurus, which destroys their plane. As they search for the Kirbys' son, the
situation grows dire as Velociraptors hunt their group and they must find a way
off the island. The film also stars Alessandro Nivola, Michael Jeter, Trevor
Morgan, Mark Harelik, and Laura Dern.

The Jurassic World trilogy logo.
Jurassic World (2015)[edit]

Main article: Jurassic World

Steven Spielberg devised a story idea for a fourth film in 2001, during
production of Jurassic Park III.[29] In 2002, William Monahan was hired to write
the script,[30] with the film's release scheduled for 2005.[31] Monahan finished
the first draft of the script in 2003,[32] with the film's plot revolving around
dinosaurs escaping to the mainland.[33][34][35] Sam Neill and Richard
Attenborough were set to reprise their characters,[35][36] while Keira Knightley
was in talks for two separate roles.[37] In 2004, John Sayles wrote two drafts
of the script.[38][39] Sayles' first draft involved a team of Deinonychus being
trained for use in rescue missions.[40][41][42] His second draft involved
genetically modified dinosaur-human mercenaries.[43][44] Both drafts were
scrapped. In 2006, a new script was being worked on.[45][46][47] Laura Dern was
contacted to reprise her role, with the film expected for release in
2008.[48][49] The film was further delayed by the 2007–08 Writers Guild of
America strike.[50] Mark Protosevich wrote two film treatments in 2011, which
were rejected.[51] Rise of the Planet of the Apes screenwriters Rick Jaffa and
Amanda Silver were hired in 2012 to write an early draft of the script.[52] In
2013, Colin Trevorrow was announced as a director and co-writer,[53][54] with
the film scheduled for release on June 12, 2015.[55] The film was shot in
Univisium 2.00:1, and received generally positive reviews.[56]

The film features a new park, Jurassic World, built on the remains of the
original park on Isla Nublar.[57] The film sees the park run by Simon Masrani
(Irrfan Khan) and Masrani Corp, and features the return of Dr. Henry Wu (BD
Wong) from the first film.[58] Chris Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard, and Jake
Johnson star, while Vincent D'Onofrio portrayed the main antagonist, Vic
Hoskins. The cast also includes Lauren Lapkus,[59] Ty Simpkins, Nick Robinson,
Omar Sy, and Judy Greer. The primary dinosaur antagonist is Indominus rex, a
genetically-modified hybrid of Tyrannosaurus rex and several other species,
including Velociraptor, cuttlefish, tree frog, and pit viper.[60][61]

Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018)[edit]

Main article: Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom

A sequel to Jurassic World was released on June 22, 2018.[62][63] The film was
directed by J. A. Bayona and written by Trevorrow and Connolly,[63][64] with
Trevorrow and Spielberg as executive producers.[63] The film stars Chris Pratt,
Bryce Dallas Howard, Rafe Spall, Justice Smith, Daniella Pineda, James Cromwell,
Toby Jones, Ted Levine, BD Wong, Isabella Sermon, and Geraldine Chaplin, with
Jeff Goldblum reprising his role as Dr. Ian Malcolm.[65]

During early conversations on Jurassic World, Spielberg told Trevorrow that he
was interested in having several more films made.[66] In April 2014, Trevorrow
announced that sequels to Jurassic World had been discussed: "We wanted to
create something that would be a little bit less arbitrary and episodic, and
something that could potentially arc into a series that would feel like a
complete story."[67] Trevorrow, who said he would direct the film if asked,[67]
later told Spielberg that he would only focus on directing one film in the
series.[66] Trevorrow believed that different directors could bring different
qualities to future films.[68] Bayona was once considered to direct Jurassic
World, but he declined as he felt there was not enough time for production.[69]
Filming took place from February to July 2017, in the United Kingdom and

Former Jurassic World manager Claire Dearing and Velociraptor handler Owen Grady
join a mission to rescue Isla Nublar's dinosaurs from a volcanic eruption by
relocating them to a new island sanctuary. They discover that the mission is
part of a scheme to sell the captured dinosaurs on the black market in order to
fund his party's genetic research. The captured dinosaurs are brought to an
estate in northern California, where several of the creatures are auctioned and
subsequently shipped to their new owners. A new hybrid dinosaur, the Indoraptor,
escapes and terrorizes people at the estate before being killed. The unsold
dinosaurs are released from the estate and into the wilderness to save them from
a gas leak. With the dinosaurs now dispersed, the world has entered a
Neo-Jurassic Period where humans and dinosaurs must coexist. A subplot involving
human cloning is introduced, and the development of exploiting the dinosaurs'
abilities for militaristic applications and other uses is re-explored.

Jurassic World: Dominion (2021)[edit]

Main article: Jurassic World: Dominion

Jurassic World: Dominion is scheduled for release on June 11, 2021.[72] It is
directed by Trevorrow, with a screenplay written by him and Emily Carmichael,
based on a story by Trevorrow and Connolly. Trevorrow and Spielberg serve as
executive producers for the film, with Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley as
producers.[73][74][75] The film stars Chris Pratt and Bryce Dallas Howard,
returning from the previous Jurassic World films. Sam Neill, Laura Dern and Jeff
Goldblum also reprise their characters for major roles,[76] marking the trio's
first film appearance together since the original Jurassic Park film.[77][78] In
addition, Justice Smith, Daniella Pineda, Jake Johnson and Omar Sy reprise their
roles from the previous two films.[79][80] Other actors include Mamoudou
Athie,[81] DeWanda Wise,[82] Dichen Lachman, and Scott Haze.[83][84]

Planning for the film dates to 2014.[85][64] Trevorrow and Carmichael were
writing the script as of April 2018.[86] Trevorrow said the film would focus on
the dinosaurs that went open source after being sold and spread around the world
in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, allowing people other than Dr. Henry Wu to
create their own dinosaurs.[87][88][89] Trevorrow stated that the film would be
set around the world, and said that the idea of Henry Wu being the only person
who knows how to create a dinosaur was far-fetched "after 30 years of this
technology existing" within the films' universe.[88] Additionally, the film
would focus on the dinosaurs that were freed at the end of Jurassic World:
Fallen Kingdom,[87][88][89] but it would not depict dinosaurs terrorizing cities
and going to war against humans; Trevorrow considered such ideas unrealistic.
Instead, Trevorrow was interested in a world where "a dinosaur might run out in
front of your car on a foggy backroad, or invade your campground looking for
food. A world where dinosaur interaction is unlikely but possible—the same way
we watch out for bears or sharks."[90][91] Certain scenes and ideas regarding
the integration of dinosaurs into the world were ultimately removed from the
Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom script to be saved for the third film.[88][89]

Jurassic World: Dominion began filming in February 2020.[72] Filming locations
include Canada,[92][93] England's Pinewood Studios,[94] Hawaii, and Malta.[95]

On March 13, 2020, production was put on hiatus as a safety precaution due to
the COVID-19 pandemic. A decision on when to resume production was expected
within several weeks.