The Galactic Empire, also known as the New Order, the Old Empire, the First Galactic Empire, Palpatine's New Order, the Imperium or simply the Empire, was the galactic government established by Supreme Chancellor Palpatine to replace the Galactic Republic in 19 BBY and bring Sith rule to the galaxy.
The Republic, which had lasted for at least 25,034 years, ended following a period of intense political turmoil and the subsequent devastation of the Clone Wars. After General Grievous was defeated at the battle of Utapau, and shortly before the leaders of the Confederacy of Independent Systems were killed on Mustafar by Darth Vader, Chancellor Palpatine (by then ruling with near-absolute power), began a purge of the Jedi Order, and then proclaimed himself Emperor of the galaxy and reorganized the Galactic Republic into "the first Galactic Empire" on the galactic capital.
The Empire can be said to have begun with the scheming aspiration of the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, whose alter ego was Senator Palpatine of Naboo. A great manipulator of events, he furtively instigated the Naboo crisis, using the Trade Federation as a pawn, which led to Queen Amidala calling for a "Vote of No Confidence" in Supreme Chancellor Finis Valorum, effectively replacing him. When his first apprentice, Darth Maul, was defeated by Obi-Wan Kenobi, Sidious took on the former Jedi Count Dooku as his new apprentice. Dooku then helped found the Confederacy of Independent Systems, which in turn ignited the Clone Wars.
Palpatine was an efficient and effective leader who quickly brought to an end the corruption in the Senate; his power was greatly increased as a result of the Clone Wars, while the Senate willingly furnished more and more emergency powers to him. Eventually, the Senate lost most of its power and became little more than a formality that Palpatine had to go through to pass his laws. Yet the Senate did have a symbolic power at least; Chancellor Palpatine still hid behind the pomp and circumstance of appealing to the Senate, but his power existed in his control over thousands of Senators that he had brought into his own web of corruption. However, Anakin Skywalker discovered that Palpatine was a Sith Lord, and after having informed Jedi Master Mace Windu of his discovery, a Jedi task force, led by Windu himself, attempted to arrest him. After a brief duel, Palpatine appeared to be defeated. Skywalker arrived and demanded the Sith Lord's life be spared, that he might stand trial. Deeply troubled, Skywalker nonetheless helped Palpatine kill Windu, prompting him to be held under Palpatine's sway as his new apprentice and enforcer, Darth Vader. Palpatine then proceeded to carry out the Great Jedi Purge, which eliminated almost all of the Jedi, while simultaneously wiping out the remnants of the Confederacy at Mustafar, thus bringing an end to the Clone Wars. Secure in his power and position, Palpatine used the so-called Jedi rebellion to issue the Declaration of a New Order and declared himself Emperor of the Galaxy in 19 BBY, replacing the Galactic Republic with the Galactic Empire.
Many people under the new Empire enthusiastically supported the vision outlined in the Declaration of a New Order, largely due to the violence that had plagued the galaxy for so long. Many Senators wholeheartedly supported the new government while a number of more cautious senators chose to watch and wait to see how the new government would handle the affairs of state. It promised to trade frailty for strength, chaos for order, and uncertainty for decisiveness. In retrospect, the foundation of the Empire had already been set down during Palpatine's chancellorship and all potential threats eliminated; therefore, the transition from Republic to Empire was relatively smooth.
It is important to note that not all of the Senators liked what they saw. In fact, the Petition of 2000 sought to bring the worries of these Senators to Palpatine. This petition was led by Bail Organa, Mon Mothma, and Padmé Amidala. Palpatine's dismissal of their concerns was one factor that led Organa and Mothma to help found the Alliance to Restore the Republic.
With the rise of the Empire, all the institutions of the old Republic found themselves either dismantled or modified beyond recognition. There was a riot of renaming all things "Imperial" to glorify the new Emperor: overnight, the Coruscant sector was renamed the Imperial Sector, Coruscant itself was renamed Imperial Center, and Galactic City was renamed Imperial City. The Galactic Senate became the Imperial Senate. The Grand Army of the Republic became the Imperial Army (though the clone troopers, which made up the majority of the GAR, were primarily reorganized into the Stormtrooper Corps) and the Republic Navy became the Imperial Navy. The four decrepit intelligence agencies of the Republic were merged into Imperial Intelligence, with former SBI director Armand Isard at its head. The Palace of the Republic was rebuilt and expanded, becoming the Imperial Palace, eclipsing all other buildings on Imperial Center. The former Commission for the Protection of the Republic (COMPOR) was renamed the Commission for the Preservation of the New Order (COMPNOR). Within days, there were few names left to remind the people that there had ever been a Galactic Republic.
During the first few years of the Empire, the galaxy saw the single largest military buildup in history. A council of Moffs was established to more efficiently govern individual sectors and regions of the Empire. Popular support for the policies of Palpatine's administration was high.
As this process unfolded, Palpatine consolidated his power by launching Purges against his opponents, most notably the Old Republic officers, whom he hadn't been able to seduce to his side. Palpatine's first purge of the Imperial Navy occurred within just two weeks into the Empire's rule.
The Emperor saw the respected Caamasi as a threat to his New Order, so he ordered the devastation of their home planet Caamas. A group of Bothan infiltrators were responsible for sabotaging Caamas's shield generators, leaving the planet vulnerable to Imperial orbital bombardment. The once beautiful world was devastated during this attack, turned into a poisoned wasteland. The peaceful Caamasi were dispersed throughout the galaxy. In 18 BBY, the Emperor constructed the huge, asteroid-shaped superweapon Eye of Palpatine in order to use it to destroy a Jedi enclave on Belsavis. However, the deadly superweapon was sabotaged by two Jedi Knights and the Jedi on Belsavis managed to escape.
Around the same time, a group of beings were protesting the tyranny of the Galactic Empire on the planet Ghorman in the Sern sector. Wilhuff Tarkin's flagship was blocked by peaceful protesters who stood on the ship's landing pad and refused to move. With implied permission from Palpatine, Tarkin landed the ship anyway, right on the protesters, injuring and killing many. This came to be known as the Ghorman Massacre. The Alliance to Restore the Republic was founded in its wake.
Many Jedi also rebelled against Palpatine's regime. Olee Starstone and a group of Order 66 Jedi survivors along with Roan Shryne attempted to re-establish the Jedi Council but were unsuccessful. The group fled to Kashyyyk to find out if any Jedi survived there, but the Empire launched a massive takeover of the planet. Darth Vader killed Roan Shryne and some of the Jedi, with Starstone barely escaping with her life. A Wookiee among them, named Chewbacca, fled the city to find his family. Meanwhile, Ferus Olin along with his friends including Jedi Master Solace caused much havoc on Imperial-controlled planets including a rebellion on the planet of Bellassa, the two Jedi break-ins of the destroyed Jedi Temple on Coruscant, and the destruction of an Imperial Garrison and Weapon Munitions Center on Naboo. Also on Kessel, a group of Jedi including Master Tsui Choi and Jedi Knight Bultar Swan planned to draw Darth Vader into a trap and kill him. Due to exceptionally bad planning and tactics, every one of them was killed, though Vader's suit was slightly damaged.
In 1 BBY, the Emperor and Vader were the targets of an attempted coup by a group of treacherous Imperial officers led by Grand Moff Trachta. Trachta saw the Sith as foolish and archaic, and believed that the Empire should not be ruled by a two-man cult. They planned to use a batch of altered stormtroopers loyal only to them to destroy the two Sith Lords. However, their plot failed in part because of internal fighting between the co-conspirators.
After the true nature of the Empire became clear, three of the most influential senators, Bail Organa of Alderaan, Garm Bel Iblis of Corellia, and Mon Mothma of Chandrila, along with others, were on the brink of starting a great rebellion against the Empire. To lure the dissidents out of hiding, the Emperor and Darth Vader had Galen Marek, Vader's secret Sith Apprentice, rally the Rebels. Brought together by him, they met in secret and signed the Corellian Treaty. This officially formed the Alliance to Restore the Republic, more commonly referred to as the Rebel Alliance. They were arrested on the spot, but Marek turned to the light side of the force and freed them, sacrificing his own life. The Alliance commemmorated Marek's death and used his family crest as the new organization's symbol.
However, the threat of rebellion allowed Palpatine to endorse the Tarkin Doctrine of rule by fear of force rather than force itself. If anything, Palpatine welcomed the formation of the fledgling Rebel Alliance as a legitimate excuse to remove the last vestiges of the Republic and tighten his grip on the galaxy. Shortly before the Battle of Yavin, Palpatine declared a state of emergency and disbanded the Imperial Senate. Thus the last institution that represented the values and ideals of the Republic was swept away.
A key instrument in the enforcement of the Doctrine was intended to be the Death Star I, a moon sized space station with sufficient firepower to easily destroy a planet with a single discharge of its powerful superlaser. Whereas many planets could afford planetary deflector shields capable of warding off virtually any conventional attack, none could defend against the power of that weapon. The weapon was destroyed in the Battle of Yavin, which marked the first major space-based victory for the Rebel Alliance. At this point Palpatine and the rest of the Empire realized that the Rebellion was a major threat to them and one that should be taken seriously, for the destruction of the Death Star was a massive blow to the Empire.
After the superweapon's destruction, the Rebels had finally found their footing. They began consistent strikes on Imperial-held territories, inciting continuing resentment against the Empire and taking them under the Rebels' banner. The Alliance had also cultivated renowned leaders and heroes as distinctive as Han Solo, Lando Calrissian and the Jedi-to-be Luke Skywalker. Although the Empire gained the upper hand in most campaigns against the Alliance (such as the Battle of Hoth and the construction of the second Death Star), they could not prevent the unstoppable juggernaut that the Rebels unleashed upon them and felt their grip in the galaxy slowly weakening. Thus, in the climax of the Galactic Civil War that was the Battle of Endor, the Empire was finally obliterated from the galaxy. Or so the Rebels thought.
The Empire was too large, however, to be destroyed in one blow; for the next decade or so, the Rebels (soon renamed the Alliance of Free Planets and then the New Republic) fought to free the galaxy from former Imperials styling themselves as independent warlords as well as Imperial loyalists, such as Thrawn and Ysanne Isard.
Even prior to the fall of Emperor Palpatine in 4 ABY, the signs of fragmentation began to slowly reveal themselves. The first incursion was that of Moff Kalast, followed by the more serious situation involving the free-selling arms dealer Admiral Harkov, and finally culminating in the major Imperial infighting with Grand Admiral Demetrius Zaarin. The situation became serious when Zaarin attempted a coup d'état on Emperor Palpatine, managing to miraculously capture the Sith Lord by abducting him from his flagship, in a plot later thwarted by Admiral Thrawn.
Immediately following the Imperial defeat at the Battle of Endor, Grand Vizier Sate Pestage seized control of the Empire. However, he lacked the charisma, Force powers, and terrifying presence that both Emperor Palpatine and Darth Vader used to keep the Empire together. Admiral Blitzer Harrsk was the first Imperial to declare himself a warlord and set up his own mini-Empire, but he would not be the last. Others included Admiral Treuten Teradoc, Admiral Zsinj, and General Sander Delvardus, to name a few.
Sate Pestage only managed to hold the throne for a scant six months before he was deposed by the Imperial Ruling Council composed of three Tribunes. The Ruling Council was acting on the manipulations of Imperial Intelligence Director Ysanne Isard though, and the Ruling Council's leadership of the Empire ended under brutal conditions executed by Isard.
Ysanne Isard managed to hold the Empire together and stem off aggressive warlords, as well as Trioculus and the false Kadann, who also claimed the throne, for nearly two years before losing control of Imperial Center. When Ysanne Isard started to lose her grasp over the Empire, she had her scientists develop a biological virus targeting only aliens that she later let loose in Coruscant. So when Coruscant fell under the Rebel's attack, led by Rogue Squadron, they inherited Isard's disease that caused havoc for the starting government. With the loss of Coruscant, the Empire dissolved further and, soon, Warlord Zsinj was seen as the single largest Imperial threat in the galaxy. Isard managed to evade death and escaped to her own little kingdom.
The remnants of the Empire found themselves for the first time on the same side of the table as the New Republic. Both governments viewed Warlord Zsinj as their biggest threat. Zsinj came under the pressure of both governments, but it wasn't until Admiral Teren Rogriss teamed up with General Solo that they managed to bring Zsinj down.
The temporary alliance was over and new fighting erupted between the Empire and the New Republic over the scraps of Zsinj's domain. However, the New Republic dealt blow after blow to the Empire, winning most of the engagements and further humiliating the Empire by pushing them off of the monstrous ship producing world of Kuat.
The Empire continued to remain beaten back until the return of Grand Admiral Thrawn, a military genius and the only non-human to climb the ranks of the Imperial Navy and the last remaining Grand Admiral. Grand Admiral Thrawn's campaign recaptured nearly half of the galaxy in the name of the Empire; however, it came to an end when Thrawn was assassinated by his own bodyguard. Captain Pellaeon, Thrawn's second-in-command, knew his limitations and ordered a retreat.
The New Republic immediately took advantage of the Imperial power vacuum and moved to cut off future Imperial threats from allies in the form of the remaining warlords. Using the pretext of pursuing Imperials who had committed various crimes the New Republic began their push against Prince-Admiral Delak Krennel. Despite Krennel's new ally in a clone of Ysanne Isard and the real Isard's machinations to steal back her Super Star Destroyer the New Republic emerged victorious and began pressing their advantage even more; leaving the Core worlds with minimal protection.
In 10 ABY, the surviving members of the Imperial Ruling Council, under Ars Dangor's leadership, gathered several belligerent Imperial warlords to organize a military campaign into the Galactic Core. The warlords were emboldened by the late Grand Admiral Thrawn's triumphs and accomplishments against the New Republic, which was still recovering from the devastating Thrawn campaign. The Republic was powerless to repel the military might of the once-more-unified Empire, and the Empire swiftly conquered much of the economically, politically and strategically vital Core Worlds within weeks. Chandrila, Esseles, Ralltiir, as well as the Metellos and Kaikielius systems, were seized by the Empire, while Caprioril was besieged by the Imperial Navy and the Borderland Regions were devastated. The offensive culminated in the decisive Fourth Battle of Coruscant, in which the New Republic abandoned the planet and the Empire retook the galactic capital. Having assumed total control over the Core Worlds, the Empire had been restored to its former glory, while the Republic leadership located its headquarters to the Outer Rim Territories.
After Coruscant had been retaken, the Imperial Ruling Council invited important political and military leaders to the Senate Building to elect the next Galactic Emperor and re-establish the disbanded Imperial Senate. However, the Moffs, Grand Moffs, Army, Navy, COMPNOR, Intelligence, Security Bureau and Inquisitorius, as well as various governors, noblemen and bureaucrats, craved absolute power over the Imperial state. The Empire plunged into anarchy and chaos: the Imperial Intelligence and Security Bureau orchestrated the assassinations of their political enemies, while COMPNOR purists attempted to take control of the regime in order to prevent any changes to the New Order.
Soon, an armed conflict broke out amongst the various political and military
factions, each trying to dominate the Empire. The disarrayed Imperial Military
was responsible for committing atrocities, massacring civilians and destroying
entire worlds. Above Coruscant, the orbit became littered with space debris and
the Star Destroyers conducted orbital bombardments, transforming the surface of
the planet into a decaying urban wasteland. On the surface, stormtroopers,
walkers and tanks fought on the streets of the planet-wide ecumenopolis. Much of
the galactic capital was laid to waste, and millions of native Coruscanti
perished during the Imperial infighting. The New Republic took advantage of the
chaos, performing raids on Imperial territories through the use of captured
Imperial vessels. The civil war ended only several months following the retaking
Following the disastrous collapse of the campaign spearheaded by Palpatine, the
Empire once again fell into chaos and disarray. High-ranking officials and
military commanders gathered their own forces and retreated to the Deep Core,
establishing their own dominions of power and fighting amongst themselves for
control of what remained. These warlords were self-absorbed beyond anything seen
in the post-Endor years, with each commander wasting precious resources in order
to advance their individual positions. The Imperial Ruling Council tried to
provide some kind of leadership to what remained of the Empire, but the council
was overthrown by Xandel Carivus, who declared himself Emperor.
The reign of Carivus lasted mere hours, as Baron D'Asta, Kir Kanos, and the New
Republic Star Dreadnought Lusankya arrived at Ord Cantrell. Kanos executed
Carivus, and in the aftermath, the D'Astas withdrew from the Empire, while New
Republic troops seized most or all of the imprisoned Councilors.
Although Imperial officers and administrators were still the only effective
source of authority in large areas of both the Deep Core and the Outer Rim,
there was no unifying authority, and the resurgent New Republic was consequently
able to claim that the Empire had effectively ceased to exist as a state.
The fall of the Imperial Interim Ruling Council marked the end of a single
central government in the Empire. However, the collapse of the "Council of
Blood" had little effect on the Imperial warlords that fought endlessly each
other in the Deep Core. After Emperor Palpatine died and Byss was destroyed, the
warlords ignored Jax's coup and refused to relinquish power to the Interim
Ruling Council. Establishing their own splinter factions in the Deep Core, the
warlords took distance from the political machinations of the Interim Ruling
Council, each considering himself the only rightful ruler of the Empire. Thus,
the debacle of Ord Cantrell was a major political upheaval in the Empire, but it
did not settle the ongoing Imperial Civil War in the Deep Core.
In the Deep Core, the warlords divided into several pocket empires, waging
aggressive warfare against their rivals and building heavily fortified planets
known as the "fortress worlds". The warlords were known for spending entire
fortunes to build war matériel and adopting pompous titles like "Omnipotent
Battle Leader". The two most powerful factions in the fragmented Empire were the
Zero Command, led by "Supreme Warlord" Blitzer Harrsk, and the Greater Maldrood,
led by "High Admiral" Treuten Teradoc. Harrsk controlled the largest territory,
while Teradoc had the largest military. Harrsk's attempt to take control of the
Atravis sector in the Outer Rim Territories was opposed by Teradoc, and the
mutual hatred between the Zero Command and the Greater Maldrood developed into
full-scale warfare. Another notable Imperial warlord was "Superior General"
Sander Delvardus who constructed the Executor-class Star Dreadnought Night
Hammer as his personal command ship.
While the warlords struggled in the Deep Core, Ambassador Furgan of Carida
caused Admiral Gial Ackbar's temporal retirement and poisoned Chief of State Mon
Mothma to cripple the New Republic, which was recovering from Operation Shadow
Hand. However, Carida and its prestigious Caridan Military Academy were
destroyed by the Sun Crusher superweapon, piloted by rogue Jedi Kyp Durron, and
Furgan himself perished during the Battle of Anoth, in which he attempted to
kidnap Anakin Solo and brainwash the baby into a Force-sensitive Emperor.
Meanwhile, the fleet under Admiral Natasi Daala's command was discovered in the
Maw Cluster. Daala launched her guerilla campaign to overthrow the New Republic,
attacking Dantooine and Mon Calamari. She also attempted to crash an Imperial
Star Destroyer on Coruscant, but the plan was foiled by Durron and the Sun
Crusher. Eventually, the Maw Installation, the Death Star prototype and the Sun
Crusher were destroyed in the Battle of the Maw, and Daala was believed to be
Following the Battle of the Maw Installation, Daala fled to the Deep Core and
made contact with Supreme Warlord Harrsk. She allied with Grand Admiral Thrawn's
second-in-command Captain Pellaeon, who now served High Admiral Teradoc, and
together they gathered Harrsk, Teradoc, Delvardus, Yzu and the nine other
warlords to an Imperial communications relay station on Tsoss Beacon. Daala's
scheme to end the Imperial Civil War failed as the warlords refused to
collaborate and organize a joint military campaign against the New Republic.
Daala and Pellaeon assassinated the thirteen most powerful warlords with nerve
gas, bringing their military forces together under the banner of the Empire.
The Imperial Reunification gave birth to the new Empire, often referred to as
the Imperial Remnant. Under Daala's leadership, the Imperial Remnant rebuilt the
weakened Imperial Military by manufacturing countless walkers, starfighters and
Star Destroyers, and even women and Non-huMans were allowed to work for the
military. After Colonel Cronus, former second-in-command to Superior General
Delvardus, joined the Imperial Remnant, Daala seized the Night Hammer and
renamed it the Knight Hammer. While Cronus committed lightning raids to Khomm,
Porus Vida and the Chardaan Shipyards, Daala and Pellaeon attacked Luke
Skywalker's Jedi Praxeum on Yavin 4, knowing that the New Jedi Order was the
most dangerous menace against the Empire. However, the Battle of Yavin 4 was a
military disaster for the Imperial Remnant, as Pellaeon's fleet was pushed by
Jedi Knight Dorsk 81 to the edge of the Yavin system, Cronus perished with his
command ship, and the Knight Hammer fell into Yavin Prime. After the battle,
Daala turned command over to Vice Admiral Pellaeon. Pellaeon, now Supreme
Commander of the Imperial Navy, relocated the Imperial Remnant to the Outer Rim
and annexed the Pentastar Alignment. The fortress world of Bastion, formerly
known as Sartinaynian, became the capital of the Imperial Remnant, and the
Council of Moffs was established to succeed the Diet of Imperial Planetary
Several more defeats occurred over the ensuing years, forcing the Imperial
Remnant into eight backwater sectors in the Outer Rim Territories. Seeing that
defeat was imminent, Pellaeon finally admitted the need to sue for peace. After
a peace accord was signed with the New Republic, the Remnant settled into a
period of stability, thus ending the Galactic Empire’s regime over the galaxy,
after 38 years of Humanocentric dictatorship, opposed to Palpatine’s promising
ten thousand year rule.
After the Galactic Civil War had ended much of the Remnant's existence was
marked by the long leadership of Admiral Pellaeon. During that time, the Remnant
slowly but steadily reorganized itself into a more politically and economically
stable polity where its capital was Bastion and its sister world was Axxila.
Despite the loss of the vast and virtually unlimited resources that the Empire
once enjoyed at the height of its power, the Remnant continued to fund and
support a powerful military. The New Republic later collapsed during the
invasion of an extra-galactic race of relentless conquerors known as the Yuuzhan
Vong, leaving the Remnant in a strategically vulnerable position. At Pellaeon's
behest, the Remnant allied itself with the newly-formed Galactic Alliance and
ultimately defeated the Yuuzhan Vong Empire in 29 ABY. Although the Remnant
remained much the same as it was before the war, while the Alliance quickly
moved to take the New Republic's place as the hegemonic power throughout the
galaxy, the shared decisive victory helped to improve Alliance—Remnant relations
throughout the following decade. This included defeating Pirates such as the
RePlanetHab and the Killiks species during the Swarm War in 36 ABY.
<img alt="TUF2 cover Japm.jpg"
width="250" height="162" />
After the Second Galactic Civil War, which began in 40 ABY and concluded a year
later, the Remnant was placed under the leadership of Jagged Fel, son of Baron
Soontir Fel, who was appointed to the rank of Imperial Head of State with the
support of the Jedi Order. In 43 ABY the Unification Summit was held on
Coruscant to resolve post-war disputes between the three galactic governments,
Natasi Daala of the Galactic Alliance, Turr Phennir of the Confederation, and
Jagged Fel of the Imperial Remnant all three of them were recognised by Luke
Skywalker as former imperial commanders. In 44 ABY, civil war threatened to
divide the Remnant between Fel's faction and Daala's insurrection. Fel, however,
saw the conflict as an opportunity to introduce democracy to a highly
authoritarian state. But due to his reluctance to lead the Remnant any longer,
he withdrew from the election and nominated Admiral Vitor Reige as his successor
in opposition against Daala. He also encouraged Imperial News Network to
maintain a constant vigilance of the government's activities in order to promote
honesty and transparency in a society where Imperial citizens were accustomed to
autocracy and intrigue.
The Imperial Remnant's shift toward democracy did not last indefinitely. At some
point after 44 ABY, the Remnant ceased to exist after its reorganization into a
new Empire, ruled by a hereditary monarchy. Jagged Fel, the former Head of State
who had attempted to reform the Remnant into a republican style of government in
the first place, was crowned as the first emperor since Palpatine.
Return of PowerEdit
Main articles: Fel Empire, Darth Krayt's Galactic Empire <img
width="150" height="251" class="thumbimage" />Emperor Roan Fel.
The Imperial Remnant joined the Galactic Alliance at the end of the Yuuzhan Vong
War. Many systems, looking to escape from the chaos that had engulfed galaxy
following the Yuuzhan Vong invasion, began peacefully joining the Empire. The
Remnant expanded far beyond the eight sectors it had held at the time of the
peace treaty. In 41 ABY, at the culminating battle of the Second Galactic Civil
War, Luke Skywalker forced the Moffs to accept Jagged Fel as their Head of
State. He eventually reestablished the position of Emperor. Under his dynasty,
between 44 ABY and 130 ABY, the Empire gained more territories and stretched its
influence far across the galaxy. This was in part due to the success of the
During this time, the Galactic Alliance started the Ossus Project, a
terraforming experiment using Yuuzhan Vong technology. While the initial efforts
were very successful, the plan was soon secretly sabotaged by the Sith, causing
painful growths on the planets' inhabitants' skins.
Furious at this, and at the behest of the Moffs' Council, the growing Imperial
Remnant invoked the Treaty of Anaxes and went to war with the Alliance.
Eventually, the Remnant seized control of Coruscant and most of the galaxy,
truly earning its title once again as the Galactic Empire. Fatally, however,
Emperor Roan Fel allied with the One Sith. Eventually, Darth Krayt, leader of
the One Sith, carried out a coup against the Emperor and claimed his title for
himself. However, many Imperials remained loyal to Fel.
Seven years passed and the Empire-in-exile decided to make an alliance with the
Galactic Alliance Remnant in hopes of overthrowing the Sith Empire. One year
later they triumphed over the Sith and ended the war. The Galactic Federation
Triumvirate was formed afterwards and became the new galactic authority. The
Sith, although fragmented, managed to escape Coruscant and began infiltrating
governments throughout the galaxy.
The Empire was ruled with absolute power by Emperor Palpatine, with Sate Pestage
as Grand Vizier, and Darth Vader as Supreme Commander of the Imperial Navy and
Military Executor. Imperial rule was authoritarian. There was little to no
freedom of speech and dissidents were punished harshly.
The Galactic Empire was actually more decentralized than the Galactic Republic.
Systems were grouped in sectors and sectors in turn into oversectors. These were
controlled by the Moffs and Grand Moffs, who exercised power in the disparate
regions of the galaxy. This was in contrast to the structure of the Galactic
Republic, which placed senators in control of their respective sectors. The
planets of the Empire were no longer given a say in the government, but were now
kept in line through fear of force.
Rulers of the EmpireEdit
After being named Galactic Emperor in 19 BBY, Palpatine turned the sclerotic
remains of the Galactic Republic into an empire and thus introduced
authoritarian rule over the entire galaxy. Whereas before leaders had served for
fixed terms until being succeeded by duly elected successors, now the thorny
issue of Imperial succession complicated matters.
For his part, Palpatine showed little real interest in the matter of who would
succeed him – after Darth Vader lost some of his Force potential at Mustafar,
Palpatine looked for ways to reign forever. However, his final death permanently
put an end to his reign.
While Palpatine was Emperor, the executive branch consisted of the Imperial
Inner Circle, a group of Imperial advisors, who ran both the day-to-day
activities and the will of Palpatine for the Empire. The real power below the
Emperor and his Advisers was in the hands of the Grand Moffs, like Wilhuff
Tarkin, and the regional governors who were eventually granted direct control of
This exercise of power was backed up by the use of state terrorism in the form
of the Tarkin Doctrine, named for Grand Moff Wilhuff Tarkin. The Doctrine
threatened force rather than the use of force to control dissent; the Ghorman
Massacre was an example. The justification for the Tarkin Doctrine was the
excessive cost and impracticality of the use of pure terror in the form of
billions upon billions of troops and spaceships to maintain order. The
instrument of enforcing the Doctrine was the Imperial Military, which included
the stormtroopers and a large fleet of intimidating warships like the Star
Destroyers of the Imperial Navy and the All Terrain Armored Transports of the
Imperial Army, all of which were intended in part to spread fear as well as
destroy the enemy. This policy reached its zenith with the construction of the
world-destroying Death Star.
Because of Palpatine's status as the Empire's commander in chief, the Imperial
Military honored Palpatine's arrival with hundreds of soldiers as well as a
parade of TIE fighters.
After the formation of Galactic Empire, the Galactic Senate was reorganized into
the Imperial Senate. But unlike the Galactic Senate, which had held both
legislative and executive power, the Imperial Senate held only legislative power
(and even with much of that held by the Galactic Senate now in the hands of the
Emperor) by orders of the Senate Constitution. The Senate could advise the
Emperor and work on the Imperial budget. However, the Emperor could both
introduce and veto Senate legislation, and both called and dismissed the Senate
to meeting. So the Senate was practically powerless and was dissolved by Emperor
Palpatine to remove the last constitutional limit to his power.
It was succeeded as the Imperial legislature by various councils, most composed
of Moffs: the Central Committee of Grand Moffs, the Interim Ruling Council, and
finally, the Council of Moffs.
Due to the centralization of government power into the executive branch under
the Galactic Empire, it seems likely that the Supreme Court and other Regional
Courts were disbanded at some point, presumably before the Senate's dissolution
in 0 BBY. Instead, the Imperial criminal justice system was headed by a
Procurator of Justice. The Procurator of Justice was charged with prosecuting
political prisoners and administering sentences on entire worlds.
Other Imperial organizationsEdit
To strengthen his hold on power, Palpatine created various organizations that
were loyal to him. Foremost, among those organizations were COMPNOR, Imperial
Security Bureau, Inquisitorius and the Dark Side Adepts. Palpatine also had the
Emperor's Hands, special assassins that did his bidding. One notable Emperor's
Hand was Mara Jade, who, ironically, after the death of Palpatine, would go on
to fall in love with and marry Luke Skywalker and would become a member of the
Jedi High Council.
Palpatine allowed these organizations and their leaders to build up power bases
of their own. Palpatine encouraged this system, often giving overlapping
responsibilities. This made administration of the Empire less efficient, but
benefited Palpatine by ensuring that he continued to be the source of all
political power in the Empire.
The Galactic Empire had a very complex and diverse economy. Following the Clone
Wars, the Empire started a process of stabilization and expansion of the
economy. While the Imperial Period saw some increases in state control and
centralization of economic procedures, it had little effect on the galactic
economy, as witnessed in the virtual non-existence of inflation. The Empire did
nationalize some corporate entities, though such actions were mainly reserved
for those companies that were part of or supported the Confederacy of
Independent Systems, and later those who favored and aided the Rebellion. The
Empire did assume direct control over some of the spoils of war from the
Separatists, but most of the assets were given over to loyalist companies such
as Kuat Drive Yards, Sienar Systems, TaggeCo., and Merr-Sonn. Unless
acting in opposition to its interests, the Empire largely left loyal companies
alone and even expanded the Corporate Sector to encompass 30,000 star
systems. In return for the support given to the Corporate Sector Authority,
the Empire would collect a yearly stipend of 3% of the total gross product, 9%
of all material, and 20% of all strategic rare elements coming out of the
The Empire also dedicated its vast economic resources and quintillions of
credits to expand the Imperial Military and to fund new scientific developments
in a wide variety of fields. This military buildup would eventually result
in the Imperial Navy fielding millions of starships, the Imperial Army being
comprised of tens of trillions of soldiers, and the creation of a vast force of
The Imperialization of the Trade Federation by the Galactic Empire created a
void filled by smugglers to address strong demand for shipping created by the
Imperial controls. Smugglers flourished in the Imperial era as independent
operators or as part of larger organizations like those of Jorj Car'das, Quelev
Tapper, Talon Karrde, or Booster Terrik.
After the fracturing of the Empire at the Battle of Endor, many different
currencies came into existence, and exchange rates fluctuated wildly. At that
time, the credit was backed by the immense wealth of the planet Muunilinst.
Under the Galactic Empire, Anti-Jediism was a government policy, which meant
that people were discouraged to believe in the Force. But it was not just the
Jedi that suffered. All Force-sensitives were targeted. Despite the established
anti-Jediism of the New Order, many in the Imperial government were aware that
Emperor Palpatine and Darth Vader were Force users, but only a few knew that
they were Sith Lords. Besides Palpatine and Vader, there were some Imperial
officers, such as Colonel Dyer who possesssed Force-sensitvity, and even some,
such as Grand Admiral Nial Declann, were secretly trained in harnessing the
Force for a specific purpose for Palpatine.
The Empire's New Order emphasized Human and, to a lesser extent, humanoid
supremacy, with other alien species were designated as "Non-huMans". The Empire
practiced the policy of "Human High Culture", based on Humanocentric beliefs of
Humans being inherently superior to other species. Many Non-human species like
Wookiees, Mon Calamari, Talz, and Lurrians were subjected to slavery. The Rights
of Sentience, one of the most well-known anti-speciest clauses of the Galactic
Constitution, as well as other important anti-slavery laws that were ratified
during the reign of the Galactic Republic, were removed from the Imperial
Charter and legislation legalizing the persecution of alien species was passed.
The Empire essentially legalized slavery in Imperial Decree A-SL-4557.607.232.
The Empire was known to commit atrocities and xenocidal campaigns against
Non-huMan species, such as the Caamas Incident to wipe out the peaceful Caamasi,
and commissioning Imperial extermination ships to eradicate entire species
through the Outer Rim Territories. One of the members of the Imperial Inner
Circle known as Janus Greejatus established the Imperial Department of Redesign
to suppress and exterminate Non-huMan species. On Imperial Center, all
Non-huMans were forced to move into an "ethnic neighborhood" designated as the
Alien Protection Zone, keeping them under poor living conditions. As a result,
the vast majority of the government officials were composed of Humans, with only
rare exceptions like Grand Admiral Thrawn climbing in the ranks of the military.
However, the cases of Ampotem Za, Stafuv Rahz and Bentilais san Sk'ar indicate
that the Empire tolerated Non-huMans if they were willing to pledge loyalty to
The Imperial propaganda machine issued fabricated Humanocentric documents to
highlight and exaggerate Human involvement in galactic history and culture,
ignoring countless accomplishments and contributions of numerous Non-huMan
species in the founding of galactic civilization and the Republic. Under the New
Order, pro-Human propagandists argued that the most advanced and wealthiest
member planets of the Galactic Republic in the Core Worlds and other regions of
the galaxy were universally ruled and inhabited by Humans. Notably, the
pro-Imperial sentientologist Obo Rin was sponsored by Darth Vader and Lieutenant
Pandur to write the Catalog of Intelligent Life in the Galaxy, a falsified piece
of work stating that the Mon Calamari and Columi, longstanding members of the
Old Republic, had recently been discovered by the Empire. On the other hand, the
Iyra Professor Tem Eliss was forced to go into hiding from COMPNOR agents for
his pro-alien book The University of Sanbra Guide to Intelligent Life. The
Empire's Humanocentric policies spurred anti-Human bigotry and led into the
foundation of the anti-Imperial Alien Combine on Imperial Center in 3 ABY,
although the organization was ultimately wiped out by the Imperial security
forces. Ironically, the successor organization of the Combine, the terrorist
group Diversity Alliance, attempted to commit anti-Human xenocide in the years
following the Bastion Accords by using a Human-killing pathogen developed by the
A high degree of male chauvinism was also seen in the Empire's government and
military. Combining the rampant misogyny with the alien persecution, the Empire
was often referred to as having "Non-huMan policies". Notable exceptions to
acknowledged male chauvinism included Director Ysanne Isard of the Imperial
Intelligence, Major General Tessala Corvae of the Imperial Army and several navy
officers like Admiral Natasi Daala, Admiral Betl Oxtroe, Captain Juno Eclipse,
and Captain Plikk. The sexist policies that plagued the Empire encouraged Major
General Corvae to establish the Firebird Society to prove that females were
effective and capable soldiers for the Imperial Military.
Under the New Order, the droids often met harsh treatment, because they were not
considered to be full citizens by the Imperial law. Many Imperial institutions
preferred the Wookiees and other enslaved sapient beings for complicated and
challenging construction projects such as the first Death Star, even though the
droids were economically cheaper laborers and provided more effective and
sophisticated performance capacity than organic slaves. Curiously, an IG-series
assassin droid called 4-8C ascended to the rank of Grand Moff and was involved
with the activities of the Imperial Department of Redesign. The cyborgs were
shunned and detested by the Imperial citizens, and even Grand Admiral Osvald
Teshik was ostracized for his extensive cybernetic prosthetics. The most notable
exception in the prevalent anti-cyborg sentiment was the second most powerful
man of the Empire, Supreme Commander Darth Vader, whose cybernetic life support
system sustained his grievous injuries and struck terror in the hearts of the
enemies of the Empire.
While the Empire was unquestionably xenophobic, there is little to suggest that
the Emperor himself was. The Sith Order was in no way xenophobic, with much of
its foundations in the humanoid race of Sith, and many of the greatest Sith
Lords were either alien or half-breed. In fact, it is believed that the privy
councilors and advisers that filled Palpatine's court and ran the Empire on a
day-to-day basis were the xenophobes, and applied Human High Culture on their
own accord. Numerous high-ranking Imperial politicians and military personnel
such as Lord Crueya Vandron, Grand Moff Wilhuff Tarkin, Grand Admiral
Ishin-Il-Raz, Grand Admiral Danetta Pitta, and many others were known for their
Humanocentric attitude. The most prominent Imperial xenophobe was Grand Vizier
Sate Pestage who considered all Non-huMans to be nothing more than worthless
"animal waste". It seems likely, given the presence of Prince Xizor of the Black
Sun, Grand Admiral Thrawn, and other notable aliens in the Imperial court that
Palpatine simply used xenophobia to cull loyalty from his fellow Humans, while
using everyone regardless of species in general. Indeed, many of the Emperor's
loyal Dark Side Adepts, like Hethrir, Ja'ce Yiaso and Gwellib Ap-Llewff, were
Chancellor Palpatine at first expected great things of the military, as they did
in the Clone Wars, but that was a bitter failure. Palpatine failed to notice
that the strength of the army was greatly augmented by the presence of several
legendary Jedi leading them. Thus, the new Imperial Military was not half as
good as he expected in their first battles without Lord Vader leading
The Imperial Military was the military arm of the Galactic Empire. Consisting of
predominantly the Imperial Army and the Imperial Navy, it was responsible for
carrying out military operations throughout the galaxy, as well as maintaining
order on Imperial member worlds, governorships, colonies, and protectorates.
Since the Empire's New Order was based on fear of force, the Imperial Military
formed a very important part of the Imperial government. Even so, the fleet
would prove somewhat insubordinate, and a tension between the Coruscant
government and the fleet admirals existed throughout this period, creating the
need for the ISB to install political officers throughout the military as
During the early years of the Empire, most stormtroopers were clones from the
Clone Wars. However, later recruited Humans joined their ranks. Those Humans
recruited would be trained mainly at Carida and were subject to the most
rigorous training that the Empire could offer. During the rule of Grand Admiral
Thrawn, stormtroopers were again cloned and used as the bulk of the Imperial
The Galactic Empire's territory at its peak consisted of some one and a half
million member and conquered worlds, as well as sixty-nine million colonies,
protectorates and puppet states spread throughout the entire galaxy, stretching
from the borders of the Deep Core to at least Wild Space. Emperor Palpatine
sent Grand Admiral Thrawn on a mission to bring the rule of the Empire to the
Unknown Regions. The Grand Admiral set up a command post at a fortress on
Nirauan and from there brought the rule of the Empire to the uncharted regions
of the galaxy, creating the Empire of the Hand.
The original name of the Empire's capital world was Coruscant; however, it was
renamed Imperial Center by the Empire. Few outside the Empire's government used
this name, and upon the capture of the planet by the New Republic, the name
"Coruscant" was readopted.
After the Battle of Endor, large sections of the galaxy threw off Imperial
occupation and became New Republic members, and by 6.5 ABY the Empire ruled
barely 50% of its former territory. Imperial warlords comprised most of the lost
territory, with the New Republic still relatively in its infancy. By the fall of
Coruscant, Warlord Zsinj alone had control of almost one third of the Empire's
By 9 ABY, the Empire had consolidated its hold of a quarter of the Galaxy, while
the war effort progressed under Grand Admiral Thrawn. Under the Chiss Grand
Admiral, the Empire's territory nearly doubled in less than a year, nearly
seeing the death of the New Republic. After Thrawn's death, the Empire had
little time to consolidate these holdings and the Empire lost many of them to a
resurgent New Republic.
During Operation Shadow Hand, the Emperor would unite the warlords and the
mainstream forces and consume well over half of the Galaxy. After the Emperor's
death, the New Republic took back their holdings with surprising speed, and the
remaining Imperial forces fled into the Deep Core. The New Republic remained
weakened by the efforts of Thrawn and the reborn Emperor, and the warlords and
Moffs consolidated fortress worlds across a third of the galaxy.
After the Reunification by Daala, and the establishment of the Imperial Remnant,
the Imperial fleet took over the remnants of the Pentastar Alignment, a
breakaway warlord fiefdom. They then pushed coreward against the New Republic.
Later, Daala would lead a second offensive against the Core worlds themselves
from the Deep Core. Eventually, the Empire under Admiral Gilad Pellaeon held a
meager of only eight sectors by 19 ABY.